What You Need to Know About Plumbing and Heating

Plumbing and heating are two trades that require a lot of specialized knowledge. You can get this through trade school, community college, or a learn-while-you-earn apprenticeship.

Plumbing systems bring fresh water in and drain waste water out. Plumbers install and repair these systems. They also know how to troubleshoot problems like leaks and clogged drains. Click to learn more.

plumbing and heating

The plumbing industry is responsible for delivering safe, clean drinking water and proper waste disposal in buildings and structures. It is a vital part of our modern lives, and without it, we would not have access to water or easy waste disposal. Properly functioning plumbing and sewage systems also ensure that we do not experience health issues caused by unsanitary conditions or waterborne diseases.

There are a number of different plumbing services available, from routine maintenance to emergency repairs. Plumbers are trained to inspect pipes, valves and fixtures for damage or wear and tear, and they can use their knowledge of local codes and regulations to repair or replace them as needed. Plumbers are also skilled in installing new plumbing systems, including gas piping and hot water heaters.

Pipes are the backbone of any plumbing system, and they come in many different materials, shapes and sizes. They are usually made of copper, PVC or PEX, and they carry water to and from plumbing fixtures. Valves are another important component of a plumbing system, as they control the flow of water and prevent it from reaching dangerous levels of pressure or temperature. Plumbing fixtures include sinks, bathtubs, toilets and showers, as well as appliances like dishwashers and washing machines. Plumbers install and repair these devices, as well as connect them to the appropriate pipes and sewer systems.

Leaks, low water pressure and clogged drains are common problems that can be caused by damaged or worn parts, old age or improper installation. These issues can be costly and inconvenient, so it is important to address them as soon as possible.

In addition to installing and repairing plumbing systems, plumbers can also help with building construction projects by creating layout plans for water supply and drainage systems. They have a deep understanding of the laws of gravity, pressure and water flow, and they are able to create systems that maximize efficiency and minimize wasted resources. They are also knowledgeable about the different types of materials that are used in plumbing, and they can recommend the best solutions for each project.

Pipefitters work with industrial piping systems that transport gas and other chemicals, oil and fuel, and more. This is a more advanced trade that requires additional training and certification. Pipefitters also have different responsibilities than plumbers and work with more complex and heavier materials that can withstand greater pressure. Both jobs require dexterity, math and physics skills, and the ability to read blueprints.

Most aspiring plumbers and pipe fitters start by obtaining a high school diploma or GED certificate. They then enroll in vocational and trade school plumbing programs or apprenticeships. The programs cover a variety of topics including plumbing techniques, water supply systems, pipe installation and repair, welding and more. Students who complete their education will be qualified for a wide range of positions, from junior plumber to lead pipefitter.

Upon completion of the program, students may earn an associate’s degree in plumbing or pipefitting and are qualified to begin a four- to five-year apprenticeship. The apprentice program offers on-the-job training with 144 annual hours of classroom instruction. The courses include commercial plumbing, sizing water, sewer and storm pipes, gas pipe systems, and the installation of water heaters. Students also learn about business math for plumbers, plumbing codes, and the use of hand and power tools.

Many aspiring plumbers and pipefitters obtain experience in the field by working for or observing experienced workers. This supplemental learning helps them develop and fine-tune their skills, while building confidence. Local contractors, union offices, and newspaper classified ads are sources for information on apprenticeship opportunities. Individuals who served in the armed forces can often get credit toward their apprenticeship requirements.

Both plumbers and pipefitters can be self-employed, but some pursue careers with companies that specialize in installing or repairing residential and commercial plumbing and heating systems. Others may work for state or municipal agencies that oversee public safety and infrastructure maintenance. Many plumbers and pipefitters are members of a union that provides them with career development and job security. represents about 370,000 plumbers, pipefitters, sprinkler fitters, HVACR service technicians, and welders across members take great pride in their trade and participate in community projects, charity events, and more.

Plumbers and pipefitters can work for themselves, but some choose to work for firms that install or fix heating and plumbing systems for homes and businesses. Others might be employed by state or local organizations in charge of maintaining infrastructure and public safety. A union that offers job security and career advancement is joined by a large number of plumbers and pipefitters. represents roughly 370,000 welders, plumbers, pipefitters, sprinkler fitters, HVACR service technicians, and other professionals who take great pride in their work and give back to the community, charities, and other organizations.

Heating is the process of raising the ambient temperature of a building or enclosed space to ensure that occupants are comfortable. It also serves to regulate the structure’s mechanical and electrical systems. Keeping abreast of the latest trends in plumbing and heating can help you stay competitive in the industry. To do this, you should network with other plumbers, follow the blogs of competitors in your field, and use keyword research tools like SEMRush, Ahrefs, and Ubersuggest to identify terms people are searching for frequently that relate to your niche.

Raising a building’s or enclosed space’s ambient temperature to make sure its occupants are comfortable is known as heating. It also controls the electrical and mechanical systems of the building. Staying up to date with the latest plumbing and heating trends will help you maintain your competitive edge in the market. In order to achieve this, connect with other plumbers through networking, read the blogs of rivals in your industry, and use keyword research tools such as Ubersuggest, Ahrefs, and SEMRush to find terms that people commonly search for related to your niche.

Ventilation is the process by which clean air (usually outdoor air) is supplied to a space and stale/dirty air is removed. This can be accomplished by natural, mechanical or hybrid (mixed-mode) ventilation. The goal of ventilation is to provide fresh air that is free of metabolic pollutants (carbon dioxide and odour) and other airborne contaminants. Ventilation can also assist with maintaining good indoor air quality by diluting and removing pollutants that are generated within the space but cannot be eliminated through source control. Ventilation can be measured and simulated using tracer gas techniques, particle image velocimetry and computational fluid dynamics (Etheridge & Sandberg 1996).

The process of ventilating a space involves introducing clean air—typically from outside—while expelling stale or dirty air. Natural, mechanical, or hybrid (mixed-mode) ventilation can be used to achieve this. Providing fresh air devoid of other airborne contaminants and metabolic pollutants like carbon dioxide and odor is the aim of ventilation. By removing and diluting pollutants that are generated within the space but cannot be eliminated through source control, ventilation can also help maintain good indoor air quality. Particle image velocimetry, computational fluid dynamics, and tracer gas techniques can all be used to measure and simulate ventilation (Etheridge & Sandberg 1996).

In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the purpose of ventilation is to help protect human health by reducing the concentration of infectious aerosols in a room. This can be achieved by increasing the airflow in and out of a space, opening windows and using exhaust fans. These interventions will reduce transmission risk but should not be used as a substitute for good cleaning and disinfection practices and personal hygiene.